India has always been blamed to have a very age-old education system which was gifted to us by the Britishers when they ruled over us but, that has come to an end as the Indian government has announced the New Education policy that has been modified for the modern times and gives many benefits to the student.
Now there may be many questions and queries related to the topic like when will this policy be implemented? What purpose does it serve? What changes have been made? How this is implemented? You will have clarity on all these questions about the New Education Policy by the end of this article.
New Educational Policy 2020, a look at the policy proposals on curriculum, courses, and medium of instructions, schools, and universities. On Wednesday 29th July 2020, Union cabinet has given green signal to the new educational policy.
Union Minister Prakash Javadekar stated, “Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given approval to new education policy for the 21st century, for the past 34 years there were no changes in the education policy.” The Cabinet approved the proposal to rename the Ministry of Human Resource Development as the Ministry of Education.
This new education policy has bought several structural changes in both primary and secondary education systems. This policy aims to achieve 100% adult and child literacy. While announcing the policy details, Amit Khare, Secretary, Higher Education said that the government aims to increase the public investment in the education sector from 4.3 percent to reach 6 percent of GDP.
Let us look into the highlights of the New Education Policy in 2020
- The new education policy will create an independent regulatory body called the state school regulatory authority to oversee all the key areas.
- It aims to provide pre-primary education to all by 2025
- The 10+2 school curricular was replaced by 5+3+3+4, this include
- Foundation stage: 3 years of pre-primary school and Grades 1, 2
- Preparatory stage: Grades 3, 4, 5
- Middle Stage( or Upper Primary): Grades 6, 7, 8
- High Stage( or secondary): Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
- There will be three languages in order to preserve the local languages of the country.
- NEP has provided the flexibility in these three language formulae, thy can switch between one or more languages they are studying in Grade 6 or 7, as long as they have proficiency in three languages.
- Global education access: An International student’s office is set up at each institution hosting foreign students. High performing universities can set up their campus in other countries, selected universities like those from the top 100 universities in the world will be facilitated to operate in India.
- No separation of arts and science: This new policy provides freedom for students with increased flexibility and choice of subjects to study across the arts, sciences, humanities, sports, and vocational subjects, etc.
- National Research Foundation: A foundation will be established to grant competitive funding for outstanding research across all disciplines.
- National Education Commission will be headed by the PM of India. States may set up apex state-level bodies called the Rajya Shiksha Aayog or State Education Commission.
Purpose of new education policy
The new education policy has to be changed according to the changing society, the implementation of new changes in accordance with the changing technology is necessary. At present, the 1986 NEP was replaced with NEP of 2020 which is done after 34 years.
How these reforms will be implemented
The reforms proposed will be collaboratively implemented by central and state. It may not happen immediately but may take time. The government plans to set up subject wise committees with members from relative ministries at the central and state level to develop implementation plans. Planning will be followed by a yearly joint review of progress against targets set.
Early Childhood Education:
The school curricular 10+2 was replaced by 5+3+3+4 corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively. This new education policy system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/pre-schooling.
Foundational Literacy and Numeracy:
A National Mission on foundational literacy and numeracy will be set up by the MHRD. States will prepare an implementation plan for attaining universal foundation literacy.
Reforms in school curriculum:
It will aim at the holistic development of learners by equipping them with 21st-century skills. The student will have the freedom of choosing the subjects. There will be no separation of arts and science, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams. The vocational education will start in schools from 6th grade and also includes internships.
The common summative exams will be transformed into competency-based regular assessment, critical thinking, and conceptual clarity. All will take exams in Grade 3, 5, 8 for Board exams 10, 12 will be continued. A new National Assessment Center, PARAKH will be set up as a standard.
Emphasis on mother tongue/regional language mean for English Medium schools:
The provision on the mother tongue as a medium of instruction was not mandatory. As education is a concurrent subject, the kids will be taught in their mother tongue or regional language whenever possible.
With this, the new education policy wants to make education easier and also promote the regional languages of India.
Increase GRE to 50%:
New Education Policy 2020 aims to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio in vocational education from 26.3 percent to 50 percent by 2035. At least 3.5 crore new seats will be added for higher education institutions.
Holistic Multidisciplinary Education:
This policy introduces flexible curricular, creative combinations of subjects, integration of vocational education, and multiple entries and exit points. For example, certificate after 1 year, advanced diploma after 2 years, Bachelor’s degree after 3 years and Bachelor’s with research after 4 years
Academic Bank of credit is established for storing the digitally earned credits from different institutions so that it can b transferred and counted towards the end of the final degree.
Financial support for students:
The National Scholarship portal will be expanded to support, and track the progress of students receiving scholarships. Private HEIs will be encouraged to offer a larger number of free scholarships to their students.
Open and Distance Learning:
Online courses and digital repositories, funding for research, improved student, services, credit-based recognition of MOOCs, etc, will be taken to ensure with the high-quality in-class programs.
Open and Digital Education:
This new education policy has also introduced digital education. A dedicated unit for the building of digital infrastructure and capacity building will be created to look after the e-education needs of both school and higher education.
Technology in Education:
National Educational Technology Forum(NETF), will act as a platform for a free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, administration. Appropriate integration of technology into all levels of education will be done to improve classroom processes.
This professional education will be part of the higher education system. The multi-disciplinary institutions consist of the higher education system, stand-alone technical universities, health science universities, legal and agricultural universities, etc.
Our future generation will be largely benefited by this new education system. Mother’s tongue has been given importance to preserve the local language and the students are taught with best and advanced technologies. This will bring drastic changes to the education system. I think this education system best suits this 21 century.
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