5G is the Fifth generation technology standard for cellular networks. The Indian mobile companies are racing to be the first to roll out 5G services. The implementation of 5G in India will provide a high-speed internet connection, which provides a solution for many problems.
The United States and South Korea had led the world in building and deploying 5G technology. It has to be tested before launching for commercial service. The 5G phones are available in India now but building the 5G network is gonna take some time. Before this service is made available, the infrastructure has to set up to provide this service.
Before getting into the topic, let us understand what are 5G networks in short. When the 5G network is established in India, they need to use new radio technology and different network architecture to deliver higher bandwidth and lower latency than 4G. It requires computing resources close to mobile devices. The ability of these private 5G networks needs to exist along with the public one.
What Is 5G?
The 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G are different generations of wireless networks. 5G is a fifth-generation technology standard for cellular networks. 5G is faster and advanced when compared to 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G. The 5G has the capability of connecting devices ranging from smartphones to IoT.
A 5G network will be composed of networks of up to 3 different types of cells, each requiring different antennas, each type giving a different tradeoff of download speed versus distance and service area.
5G technology will not only increase the speed of downloading and uploading, but it also brings an enormous change in the AI-driven devices. It’s soon going to replace the 4G network. 5G is likely to reach speeds that are 20 times faster than 4G LTE.
5G vs 4G – Comparison Chart
|4G refers to fourth generation of mobile communications||5G refers to fifth generation of mobile communications
|Bandwidth is 200 Mbps||Bandwidth is greater than 1Gbps
|Theoretical speed expected is 100-300 Mbps||Theoretical speed expected is 10-30 Gbps
|4G offers minimum peak download speed of 1 Gbps||5G offers minimum peak download speed of 1 Gbps
|Average speed is 25 Mbps||Average speed is 200-400 Mbps
|The latency of 4G varies from carrier to carrier. It lies between 20-30 milliseconds||5G has extremely low latency capabilities. It is less than 10 milliseconds|
5G can handle millions of devices per square kilometers. You would be able to do all the activities with much reliability, lower latency in terms of connection, and much faster speed. The theoretical speed of 4G is 100 to 300 Mbps whereas 5G is 10 to 30 Gbps.
The technology used is WiMax and LTE but 5G is still under development. The features of 4G are incredibly fast, where download speeds paved the way for HD streaming. 5G provides Ultra-fast internet, lower latency, and improved reliability.
When Will we see the Launch Of 5G In India?
This 5G in India network was once expected to be launched by late 2020 or early 2021. They need to perform lots of testing before launching commercial service. But the current situation is not in favor. This will be launched only after the auction of the 5G spectrum.
So far only two mobile companies have launched 5G compatible mobile devices in India, which is not sufficient for a massive population. The 5G network needs more frequency than the previous generations. Before the service is made available the infrastructure has to be set. 5G services are likely to be available in India only from 2022. But based on the current scenario it may take more time to achieve the same.
Impact Of Corona Virus On 5G In India Launch
After crossing so many obstacles this coronavirus has become the major hurdle for launching 5G in India. Due to the outbreak of the coronavirus, there is a delay in the auction of the 5G spectrum. The spectrum auction was supposed to be held in 2019 but due to some reasons, it was postponed to April 2020. Now due to the outbreak of Covid-19, it is being further delayed.
Many telecom giants like Airtel and Vodafone are already uncertain to participate in the auction due to its high pricing. The pricing of the unsold spectrum was costly as recommended by Telcom Authority Of India.
Is 5G Good? Advantages & Disadvantages
Few advantages of using a 5G network are –
It provides increased bandwidth for all users, more bandwidth means faster speed. New technology options may become available on a 5G network. Though the 5G in India is still under development, the exciting information will come from researchers and reporters.
Few disadvantages of using a 5G network are –
As there is a dark side for everything there are few disadvantages. They are the increased bandwidth which provides less coverage. The radiofrequency may become problematic and the overcrowding is going to pose a problem as people try to transmit their data signals at this frequency.
There are always advantages and disadvantages to discuss, the point is how the network intends on capitalizing on its advantages while shielding its users from its deficiencies that will ultimately determine its success. The people need to know the impact on the usage of smart devices on the 5G network.
Some Good 5G Smartphones Available In India
Few smartphones that provide 5G in India are
- Samsung Galaxy M31
- Xiaomi Mi A3
- Redmi K20 Pro
- Oppo Reno2 Z
- Apple iPhone 11
- Honor 20
- One Plus 7T
Should You Buy A 5G Phone Now?- Future of 5G In India
The above are the few best smartphone that offers 5G service but do not rush for it, as still the required infrastructure for 5G network is not set and it’s gonna take time and it would be bit costly.
We all wonder what changes would be there after the implementation of the 5G in India and about the reason for migrating from 4G to 5G. Let us see what changes the 5G network will bring.
The 5G helps in improving network speed and bandwidth. The network traffic will also be reduced. The 5G in India will bring the Fourth Industrial revolution in the country and enable digitally connected society with devices.
The 5G network will bring changes in the educational, informational, health care, manufacturing and, IT sectors, and many other industries. It will lead India towards innovations and the world of IoT connected applications.
Your View On 5G In India And Summary Of The Article
The 5G in India would bring drastic changes in the cellular networks but that is gonna be more costly for common masses and also it takes much time to launch its commercial services. By the end of 2022 let us hope 5G will be propelled.
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